Crack repair products strengthen cracked masonry walls by enhancing the tensile, flexural and shear strength of brickwork using various brick reinforcement techniques. Sealing fissures with appropriate fillers help to restore compressive strength and protect against water infiltration and frost damage.
Cracks are usually the result of the structural movement of part of a building. The displacement may be historic, cyclic or on-going. Predictably, a masonry structure can move when it exposed to the effects of variations in temperature, chemical reactions, age deterioration, vibration or changes in the moisture content of brickwork, or the ground that supports it. Once a wall fractures, it is no longer a composite structural unit.
Typical defects that may trigger cracks include any one or a combination of:
Identifying and eliminating the cause of the fracturing is essential in ensuring the lasting success of a masonry repair scheme.
Generally crack repair strategies fall into one of two categories:
Sub-structure repairs may include underpinning or piling.
Superstructure reinforcement generally includes structural repairs accomplished by the insertion of helical bars that form retrofitted brick beams or crack stitching systems Replacement wall ties and restraints tie cavity walls or separating façades, whilst resin injection products efficiently fill and seal cracks in walls
After resolving the source of faults or weakness, fill the cracks and reinforce the zone of brickwork that has fractured to ensure once again it performs like an integrated structural unit. Crack repair techniques include mechanical brick stitching and crack injection resins, whilst various tie and strapping systems help to constrain further movement by transferring and sharing loads.